A Flex PCB or FPCB is characterized by its distinctly patterned arrangement of printed circuitry and components. As the name suggests, it has a flexible and malleable base material. Flex PCB fabrication and design follow a slightly different approach than rigid PCBs. It may be fabricated using the same components as rigid PCBs, but the board of FPCB is made to conform to the desired shape (flex). Hence these boards are an excellent fit for many applications.
Flex PCBs are known for their thinness, reduced size, optimized performance, and reliability. The Rigid-Flex PCB market’s global market was valued at $3835m in 2020 and is estimated to reach $7531m by 2025. Flex boards can be used as connectors; they can hold the soldering heat and withstand this heat more than rigid ones based on the film material.
A well-designed flex PCB is lightweight, shows improved durability, and is easy to install. It fits rightly into demanding applications like wearable devices and satellites. Here are five things you should know about flex PCBs.
You need to check the flex PCB’s flexibility quotient, i.e., how many times the PCB will be flexing and to what extent it will turn. To determine if the board is static or dynamic, you need to check the amount of time it can bend. Also, identify the bend radius of your board, i.e., the minimum amount it can turn in a particular flex area.
Polyimide is an important material used in flex core layers and overlay layers. Polyimide flex cores are covered with either electro-deposited or rolled annealed copper. Adhesives are used for laminating the copper layer with a polyamide core. Since the chemicals in adhesives soften when heated, the pads should be made as large as possible. The use of spurs, anchors, and teardrops helps to stabilize the outer layer and reduce stress.
You can choose between different structures of flexible boards:
o Single-side boards: It has simple fabrication and structure.
o Double-side boards: It has a complex structure. Hence you need to take care of many factors during design and assembly.
o Multi-layer boards: It has the most complicated structure of all three.
Depending on your application, you can choose a suitable board type. You can also use a flex-rigid PCB for your product.
It is mainly used in modern portable electronics, hard disk drives, and desktop printers. As it shows improved resistance to vibrations and movement, it is used widely in transportation. It finds use in different industries, including
o Consumer Electronics
The various benefits of using flex boards are
o Reduced size and weight
o Reduction in wiring errors
o Varied operating temperature range
o No requirement of mechanical connectors
o Unparalleled design flexibility
o Higher circuit density
o Stronger signal quality
o Better reliability and impedance control
The various physical advantages of flex PCBs are their improved resistance to vibrations and movement, reduced space consumption, and lower weight than rigid PCBs. Flexible PCBs offer several potential benefits, which make them a popular choice in electronic devices.